Anniversaries January 25 - 30

PUBLISHED: 12:46 25 January 2007 | UPDATED: 14:59 12 May 2010

RSDAY JANUARY 25 1919 The League of Nations was set up. 1924 First Winter Olympics, at Chamonix in the French Alps. 1949 First Emmy awards presented. 1981 The Gang of Four – David Owen, Shirley Williams, Roy Jenkins and Bill Rodgers – set up the SD


1919 The League of Nations was set up.

1924 First Winter Olympics, at Chamonix in the French Alps.

1949 First Emmy awards presented.

1981 The Gang of Four - David Owen, Shirley Williams, Roy Jenkins and Bill Rodgers - set up the SDP.

Births: Robert Burns, poet, 1759; W Somerset Maugham, author, 1874; Virginia Woolf, author, 1882.

Deaths: Al Capone, gangster, 1947; Ava Gardner, Hollywood actress, 1990.

Today's Birthdays: Eduard Shevardnadze, Soviet politician, 79.


1828 The Duke of Wellington became British Prime Minister.

1841 Hong Kong proclaimed a British sovereign territory.

1939 Filming began on Gone With the Wind.

Births: Douglas Macarthur, US Second World War general, 1880; Michael Bentine, comedian, 1922; Jacqueline Du Pre, cellist, 1945.

Deaths: William Wrigley, chewing gum pioneer, 1932; Edward G Robinson, actor, 1973; Nelson Rockefeller, US statesman, 1979.

Today's Birthdays: Paul Newman, actor, 82; Andrew Ridgeley, once of Wham, 44; Jose Mourinho, Chelsea FC boss, 44.


1926 First public demonstration of television.

1945 Auschwitz was liberated by Soviet troops.

1973 Ceasefire signed between North Vietnam and US.

Births: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composer, 1756; Jerome Kern, composer, 1885.

Deaths: Giuseppe Verdi, composer of Rigoletto and Aida, 1901; Thomas Sopwith, aircraft designer, 1989.

Today's Birthdays: Mohammed Al Fayed, owner of Harrods, 78; Bridget Fonda, actress, 43; Marat Safin, tennis player, 27.


1813 First publication of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice.

1960 Last broadcast of The Goon Show.

1966 The Cavern Club in Liverpool closed.

1986 The American space shuttle Challenger exploded shortly after lift-off.

1990 First publication of The Independent on Sunday.

Births: Henry VII, 1457; Henry Morton Stanley, explorer, 1841; Jackson Pollock, artist, 1912; Ronnie Scott, jazz musician, 1927.

Deaths: Henry VIII, 1547; Francis Drake, explorer, 1596; W B Yeats, poet, 1939; Billy Fury, singer, 1983.

Today's Birthdays: Alan Alda, actor, 71; Frank Skinner, comedian, 50; Jamie Carragher, Liverpool and England soccer star, 29.


1942 First broadcast of Desert Island Disc.

1966 Random breath tests introduced for motorists.

1985 Oxford dons refused to give Margaret Thatcher an honorary degree.

1990 The Taylor Report advocated all-seater stadiums for football.

Births: Thomas Paine, political writer, 1737; William McKinley, US President, 1843; Anton Chekov, dramatist and writer, 1860; Victor Mature, actor, 1913; Sacha Distel, French singer, 1933.

Deaths: George III, 1820; Edward Lear, artist and poet, 1888; Alan Ladd, Hollywood actor, 1964.

Today's Birthdays: Germaine Greer, writer and academic, 68; Tony Blackburn, disc jockey, 64; Tom Selleck, actor, 62; Oprah Winfrey, talk show host, 53.


1913 The House of Lords rejected a Bill paving the way for Irish Home Rule.

1933 Adolf Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany.

1956 Elvis Presley recorded Blue Suede Shoes.

1972 Thirteen civilians were shot by British troops in Londonderry.

Births: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, US President, 1882; Percy Thrower, television gardener, 1913.

Deaths: Charles I, 1649; Mohandas Karamhand Gandhi, Indian leader, 1948; Ferdinand Porsche, motor car engineer, 1951; Stanley Holloway, actor, 1982.


1606 Guy Fawkes and his associates executed.

1958 First US earth satellite - Explorer 1 - launched from Cape Canaveral.

2000 GP Dr Howard Shipman convicted of murdering 15 patients.

Births: Franz Schubert, composer, 1797; Zane Grey, western novelist, 1872; Derek Jarman, controversial director of Caravaggio and Blue, 1942.

Deaths: Guy Fawkes, Gunpowder Plot leader, 1606; AA Milne, author, 1956; Samuel Goldwyn, MGM studio chief, 1974.

Today's Birthdays: Norman Mailer, writer, 84; Minnie Driver, actress, 37; Patrick Kielty, television presenter, 36; Justin Timberlake, singer, 26.

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